Two young Malagasy students in London wanted to set up a first YMCA in Antananarivo in 1912. At that time, the country was a French colony, and the YMCA - known as a strong youth movement - was not allowed, as the government was wary of youth consciousness and patriotism. But in 1924, a French lay young man, Jean Beigbeder, finally introduced the association as a branch of the French Protestant Mission. At the same time he introduced the scouting movement. From 1978 to 1994, the YMCA stopped activities due to some leadership crisis and restarted in 1994, after a workshop organised by the African Alliance of YMCAs. In 2003, Madagascar YMCA was reintegrated into tge Africa Alliance of YMCAs and started a renewal process to achieve its mission. Madagascar YMCA was accepted to be under the Global Operating Plan (GOP) in 2007 and is right now working for the development of the movement. After the institutional diagnosis in November 2008, Madagascar YMCA could align its vision with the AAY and is now working to set up a road map for the next 2 years.